Scientific Literature

We’re collecting as much research as we can on Mongolian Paleontology (dinosaur and otherwise) in order to provide a central source of knowledge to researchers and the public. If you have or know of research – especially open access research – on Mongolia’s prehistoric life and ecology, please share it with us!

TitleAuthorsYear PublishedURLFocus Taxon
A new specimen of the ornithischian dinosaur Haya griva, cross-Gobi geologic correlation, and the age of the Zos Canyon bedsNorell, Mark.; Barta, Daniel E.2016http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6636Haya griva
The systematics of the Mongolepidida (Chondrichthyes) and the Ordovician origins of the cladePlamen Andreev , Michael I. Coates, Valentina Karatajūtė-Talimaa, Richard M. Shelton, Paul R. Cooper, Nian-Zhong Wang , Ivan J. Sansom2016https://peerj.com/articles/1850/Mongolepidida (Chondrichthyes)
Specializations of the mandibular anatomy and dentition of Segnosaurus galbinensis (Theropoda: Therizinosauria)Lindsay E. Zanno , Khishigjav Tsogtbaatar, Tsogtbaatar Chinzorig, Terry A. Gates2016https://peerj.com/articles/1885/Segnosaurus galbinensis (Theropoda: Therizinosauria)
Fungal Ferromanganese Mineralisation in Cretaceous Dinosaur Bones from the Gobi Desert, MongoliaKrzysztof Owocki , Barbara Kremer , Beata Wrzosek , Agata Królikowska , Józef Kaźmierczak2016http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146293Dinosauria
A burrowing frog from the late Paleocene of Mongolia uncovers a deep history of spadefoot toads (Pelobatoidea) in East AsiaJianye Chen, Gaberiel S. Bever, Hong-Yu Yi & Mark A. Norell2016http://www.nature.com/articles/srep19209Pelobatoidea
Vertebral Pneumaticity in the Ornithomimosaur Archaeornithomimus (Dinosauria: Theropoda) Revealed by Computed Tomography Imaging and Reappraisal of Axial Pneumaticity in OrnithomimosauriaAkinobu Watanabe , Maria Eugenia Leone Gold, Stephen L. Brusatte, Roger B. J. Benson, Jonah Choiniere, Amy Davidson, Mark A. Norell2015http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145168Archaeornithomimus (Dinosauria: Theropoda)
Males Resemble Females: Re-Evaluating Sexual Dimorphism in Protoceratops andrewsi (Neoceratopsia, Protoceratopsidae)Leonardo Maiorino , Andrew A. Farke, Tassos Kotsakis, Paolo Piras2015http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126464
Protoceratops andrewsi (Neoceratopsia, Protoceratopsidae)
Perinatal Specimens of Saurolophus angustirostris (Dinosauria: Hadrosauridae), from the Upper Cretaceous of MongoliaLeonard Dewaele , Khishigjav Tsogtbaatar, Rinchen Barsbold, Géraldine Garcia, Koen Stein, François Escuillié, Pascal Godefroit2015http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0138806Saurolophus angustirostris (Dinosauria: Hadrosauridae)
A New Mass Mortality of Juvenile Protoceratops and Size-Segregated Aggregation Behaviour in Juvenile Non-Avian DinosaursDavid W. E. Hone , Andrew A. Farke, Mahito Watabe, Suzuki Shigeru, Khishigjav Tsogtbaatar2014http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113306Protoceratops
Reconsidering the Avian Nature of the Oviraptorosaur Brain (Dinosauria: Theropoda)Amy M. Balanoff , G. S. Bever, Mark A. Norell2014http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113559Oviraptorosaur (Dinosauria: Theropoda)
The cranial pneumatic sinuses of the tyrannosaurid Alioramus (Dinosauria, Theropoda) and the evolution of cranial pneumaticity in theropod dinosaursLeone Gold, Maria Eugenia.; Brusatte, Stephen.; Norell, Mark2013http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6462Alioramus (Dinosauria, Theropoda)
The braincase anatomy of the late Cretaceous dinosaur Alioramus (Theropoda, Tyrannosauroidea)Bever, Gabe S.; Brusatte, Stephen.; Carr, Thomas D.; Xu, Xing, 1969-; Balanoff, Amy M.; Norell, Mark2013http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6422Alioramus (Theropoda, Tyrannosauroidea)
A review of dromaeosaurid systematics and paravian phylogenyTurner, Alan H.; Makovicky, Peter J.; Norell, Mark2012http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6352Dromaeosauridae
The osteology of Alioramus, a gracile and long-snouted tyrannosaurid (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the late Cretaceous of MongoliaBrusatte, Stephen.; Carr, Thomas D.; Norell, Mark2012http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6162Alioramus
The Endocranial Anatomy of Therizinosauria and Its Implications for Sensory and Cognitive FunctionStephan Lautenschlager , Emily J. Rayfield, Perle Altangerel, Lindsay E. Zanno, Lawrence M. Witmer2012http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0052289
Therizinosauria
Standardized Terminology and Potential Taxonomic Utility for Hadrosaurid Skin Impressions: A Case Study for Saurolophus from Canada and MongoliaPhil R. Bell2012http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031295Saurolophus
Osteology of Khaan mckennai (Oviraptorosauria, Theropoda)Balanoff, Amy M.; Norell, Mark2012http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6413Khaan mckennai (Oviraptorosauria, Theropoda)
New Specimens of Nemegtomaia from the Baruungoyot and Nemegt Formations (Late Cretaceous) of MongoliaFederico Fanti , Philip J. Currie, Demchig Badamgarav2012http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031330Nemegtomaia
Anatomy of Mahakala omnogovae (Theropoda, Dromaeosauridae), Tögrögiin Shiree, MongoliaTurner, Alan H.; Pol, Diego.; Norell, Mark2011http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6130Mahakala omnogovae (Theropoda, Dromaeosauridae)
Variation, Variability, and the Origin of the Avian Endocranium: Insights from the Anatomy of Alioramus altai (Theropoda: Tyrannosauroidea)Gabe S. Bever , Stephen L. Brusatte, Amy M. Balanoff, Mark A. Norell2011http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023393Alioramus altai (Theropoda: Tyrannosauroidea)
The illusory evidence for Asian Brachiosauridae : new material of Erketu ellisoni and a phylogenetic reappraisal of basal TitanosauriformesKsepka, Daniel T.; Norell, Mark2010http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6087Erketu ellisoni
Anatomy and relationships of Gilmoreosaurus mongoliensis (Dinosauria, Hadrosauroidea) from the late Cretaceous of Central AsiaPrieto-Márquez, Albert, 1974-; Norell, Mark2010http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/6080Gilmoreosaurus mongoliensis (Dinosauria, Hadrosauroidea)
A review of the Mongolian Cretaceous dinosaur Saurornithoides (Troodontidae, Theropoda)Norell, Mark.; Makovicky, Peter J.; Bever, Gabe S.; Balanoff, Amy M.; Clark, James Matthew; Barsbold, Rinchin.; Rowe, Timothy2009http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5973Saurornithoides (Troodontidae, Theropoda)
A large alvarezsaurid from the late Cretaceous of MongoliaTurner, Alan H.; Nesbitt, Sterling J.; Norell, Mark2009http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5967Kol ghuva
The perinate skull of Byronosaurus (Troodontidae) with observations on the cranial ontogeny of paravian theropodsBever, Gabe S.; Norell, Mark2009http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5980Byronosaurus (Troodontidae)
The geology of Ukhaa Tolgod (Djadokhta Formation, Upper Cretaceous, Nemegt Basin, Mongolia)Dingus, Lowell.; Loope, David B.; Dashzeveg, Demberelyin.; Swisher, Carl Celso.; Minjin, Chuluun.; Novacek, Michael J.; Norell, Mark2008http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5916
New stratigraphic data from the Erlian Basin: implications for the division, correlation, and definition of Paleogene lithological units in Nei Mongol (Inner Mongolia)Meng, Jin.; Wang, Yuanqing, paleontologist.; Ni, Xijun.; Beard, K. Christopher.; Sun, Chengkai.; Li, Qian, paleontologist.; Jin, Xun, paleontologist.; Bai, Bin, paleontologist2007http://hdl.handle.net/2246/5861
A small derived theropod from Öösh, early Cretaceous, Baykhangor MongoliaTurner, Alan H.; Hwang, Sunny H.; Norell, Mark2007http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5845Shanag ashile
Yamaceratops dorngobiensis, a new primitive ceratopsian (Dinosauria, Ornithischia) from the Cretaceous of MongoliaMakovicky, Peter J.; Norell, Mark2006http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5808Yamaceratops dorngobiensis
Erketu ellisoni, a long-necked sauropod from Bor Guvé (Dornogov Aimag, Mongolia)Ksepka, Daniel T.; Norell, Mark.2006http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5783Erketu ellisoni
A new dromaeosaurid theropod from Ukhaa Tolgod (Ömnögov, Mongolia)Norell, Mark.; Clark, James Matthew; Turner, Alan H.; Makovicky, Peter J.; Barsbold, Rinchin.; Rowe, Timothy2006http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5823Dromaeosauridae
New stratigraphic subdivision, depositional environment, and age estimate for the Upper Cretaceous Djadokhta Formation, southern Ulan Nur Basin, MongoliaDashzeveg, Demberelyin.; Dingus, Lowell.; Loope, David B.; Swisher, Carl C.; Dulam, Togtokh.; Sweeney, Mark R.2005http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/5667
A troodontid dinosaur from Ukhaa Tolgod (late Cretaceous Mongolia)Norell, Mark.; Hwang, Sunny H.2004http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2811Troodontidae
Ornithomimosaur cranial material from Ukhaa Tolgod (Omnogov, Mongolia)Ksepka, Daniel T.; Norell, Mark2004http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2813Ornithomimidae
Tributes to Malcolm C. McKenna : his students, his legacyGould, Gina C.; Bell, Susan K.; Mellett, James Silvan, 1936-; Kellner, Alexander Wilhelm Armin.; Rich, Thomas H. V.; Rich, Pat Vickers.; Engelmann, George F.; Cifelli, Richard.; Flynn, John J. (John Joseph), 1955-; Wyss, Andre R.; Meng, Jin.; Van Valen, Leigh.; Carrasco, Marc A.; Emry, Robert J.; Hunt, Robert M.; Rothwell, Tom.; Geisler, Jonathan H.; Gabbert, Sherri L.; Coombs, Margery Chalifoux.; Evander, Robert Lane, 1948-; MacFadden, Bruce J.; Prothero, Donald R.2004http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/453
New avialan remains and a review of the known avifauna from the late Cretaceous Nemegt Formation of MongoliaClarke, Julia A.; Norell, Mark2004http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2812Avialae
Osteology and relationships of Byronosaurus jaffei (Theropoda, Troodontidae)Makovicky, Peter J.; Norell, Mark.; Clark, James Matthew; Rowe, Timothy2003http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2828Byronosaurus jaffei (Theropoda, Troodontidae)
A new specimen of Pinacosaurus grangeri (Dinosauria, Ornithischia) from the late Cretaceous of Mongolia : ontogeny and phylogeny of ankylosaursHill, Robert V.; Witmer, Lawrence M.; Norell, Mark2003http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2821Pinacosaurus grangeri (Dinosauria, Ornithischia)
The morphology and phylogenetic position of Apsaravis ukhaana from the late Cretaceous of MongoliaClarke, Julia A.; Norell, Mark2002http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2876Apsaravis ukhaana
Cranial anatomy of Citipati osmolskae (Theropoda, Oviraptorosauria), and a reinterpretation of the holotype of Oviraptor philoceratopsClark, James Matthew; Norell, Mark; Rowe, Timothy2002http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2853Citipati osmolskae (Theropoda, Oviraptorosauria), Oviraptor philoceratops
A new skull of Gobipteryx minuta (Aves, Enantiornithes) from the Cretaceous of the Gobi DesertChiappe, Luis M.; Norell, Mark.; Clark, James Matthew2001http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2899Gobipteryx minuta (Aves, Enantiornithes)
An embryonic oviraptorid (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of MongoliaNorell, Mark.; Clark, James Matthew; Chiappe, Luis M.2001http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2931Oviraptoridae (Dinosauria, Theropoda)
Important features of the dromaeosaurid skeleton. Information from newly collected specimens of Velociraptor mongoliensisNorell, Mark.; Makovicky, Peter J.1999http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3025Velociraptor mongoliensis
An oviraptorid skeleton from the late Cretaceous of Ukhaa Tolgod, Mongolia, preserved in an avianlike brooding position over an oviraptorid nestClark, James Matthew; Norell, Mark; Chiappe, Luis M.1999http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3102Oviraptoridae
A partial ornithomimid braincase from Ukhaa Tolgod (Upper Cretaceous, Mongolia)Makovicky, Peter J.; Norell, Mark1998http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3234Ornithomimidae
Important features of the dromaeosaur skeleton : information from a new specimenNorell, Mark.; Makovicky, Peter J.1997http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3557Dromaeosauridae
The skull of Erlicosaurus andrewsi, a late Cretaceous "Segnosaur" (Theropoda, Therizinosauridae) from MongoliaClark, James Matthew; Altangerel, Perle.; Norell, Mark1994http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3712\Erlicosaurus andrewsi
Skeletal morphology of Mononykus olecranus (Theropoda, Avialae) from the late Cretaceous of MongoliaAltangerel, Perle.; Chiappe, Luis M.; Rinchen, Barsbold.; Clark, James Matthew; Norell, Mark1994http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/4936Mononykus olecranus (Theropoda, Avialae)
The jaw musculature in Protoceratops and in other ceratopsiansHaas, George1955http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2444Protoceratops
The hyoid bones in Protoceratops and in PsittacosaurusColbert, Edwin Harris; Falkenbach, Otto1945http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2306Protoceratops, Psittacosaurus
A new element in the ceratopsian jaw with additional notes on the mandibleBrown, Barnum.; Schlaikjer, Erich Maren, 1905-; Falkenbach, Otto1940http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2240Protoceratops andrewsi, etc.
The origin of ceratopsian horn-coresBrown, Barnum.; Schlaikjer, Erich Maren1940http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2234Ceratopsia
On the dinosaurian fauna of the Iren Dabasu FormationGilmore, Charles W.1933http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/355Ornithomimus asiaticus, Alectrosaurus olseni, Mandschurosaurus, Bactrosaurus johnsoni
Two new dinosaurian reptiles from Mongolia : with notes on some fragmentary specimensGilmore, Charles W. Granger, Walter1933http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/2076Pinacosaurus grangeri, Mongolosaurus haplodon
New Mesozoic and Cenozoic formations encountered by the Central Asiatic Expeditions in 1928American Museum Novitates ; no. 407. Spock, Leslie Erskine1930http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/4405
Additional new formations in the later sediments of MongoliaBerkey, Charles Peter; Granger, Walter; Morris, Frederick Kuhne1929http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/4005
Geology and prehistoric archaeology of the Gobi DesertBerkey, Charles Peter; Nelson, Nels C.1926http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3192
On Protoceratops, a primitive ceratopsian dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of MongoliaGregory, William K.; Mook, Charles Craig1925http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/4515Protoceratops
The microstructure of the dinosaurian egg-shells from the Cretaceous beds of MongoliaStraelen, Victor Emile van1925http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/4482Dinosauria
Psittacosaurus and Protiguanodon : two Lower Cretaceous iguanodonts from MongoliaOsborn, Henry Fairfield1924http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3221Psittacosaurus, Protiguanodon
Fossils in the Ondai Sair Formation, MongoliaCockerell, Theodore D. A.; Berkey, Charles Peter Morris, Frederick Kuhne1924http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/832Protiguanodon mongoliense, Lycoptera middendorffi, Estheria middendorffi, Ephemeropsis trisetalis, etc.
Sauropoda and Theropoda of the Lower Cretaceous of MongoliaOsborn, Henry Fairfield
1924http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3220
Three new Theropoda, Protoceratops zone, central MongoliaOsborn, Henry Fairfield,; Kaisen, Peter C.; Olsen, George1924http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3223Velociraptor mongoliensis, Saurornithoides mongoliensis, Oviraptor philoceratops
Protoceratops andrewsi, a pre-ceratopsian dinosaur from MongoliaGranger, Walter,; Gregory, William K.; Berkey, Charles Peter
1923http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/4670
Protoceratops andrewsi
Two Lower Cretaceous dinosaurs of MongoliaOsborn, Henry Fairfield1923http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/3267Psittacosaurus mongoliensis, Protiguanodon mongoliense
Later sediments of the desert basins of central MongoliaBerkey, Charles Peter; Granger, Walter; Morris, Frederick Kuhne
1923http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/4846
Discovery of Cretaceous and older Tertiary strata in MongoliaGranger, Walter; Berkey, Charles Peter1922http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/4612