Scientific Literature

We’re collecting as much research as we can on Mongolian Paleontology (dinosaur and otherwise) in order to provide a central source of knowledge to researchers and the public. If you have or know of research – especially open access research – on Mongolia’s prehistoric life and ecology, please share it with us!

TitleAuthorsYear PublishedURLFocus Taxon
A new specimen of the ornithischian dinosaur Haya griva, cross-Gobi geologic correlation, and the age of the Zos Canyon bedsNorell, Mark.; Barta, Daniel E.2016 griva
The systematics of the Mongolepidida (Chondrichthyes) and the Ordovician origins of the cladePlamen Andreev , Michael I. Coates, Valentina Karatajūtė-Talimaa, Richard M. Shelton, Paul R. Cooper, Nian-Zhong Wang , Ivan J. Sansom2016 (Chondrichthyes)
Specializations of the mandibular anatomy and dentition of Segnosaurus galbinensis (Theropoda: Therizinosauria)Lindsay E. Zanno , Khishigjav Tsogtbaatar, Tsogtbaatar Chinzorig, Terry A. Gates2016 galbinensis (Theropoda: Therizinosauria)
Fungal Ferromanganese Mineralisation in Cretaceous Dinosaur Bones from the Gobi Desert, MongoliaKrzysztof Owocki , Barbara Kremer , Beata Wrzosek , Agata Królikowska , Józef Kaźmierczak2016
A burrowing frog from the late Paleocene of Mongolia uncovers a deep history of spadefoot toads (Pelobatoidea) in East AsiaJianye Chen, Gaberiel S. Bever, Hong-Yu Yi & Mark A. Norell2016
Vertebral Pneumaticity in the Ornithomimosaur Archaeornithomimus (Dinosauria: Theropoda) Revealed by Computed Tomography Imaging and Reappraisal of Axial Pneumaticity in OrnithomimosauriaAkinobu Watanabe , Maria Eugenia Leone Gold, Stephen L. Brusatte, Roger B. J. Benson, Jonah Choiniere, Amy Davidson, Mark A. Norell2015 (Dinosauria: Theropoda)
Males Resemble Females: Re-Evaluating Sexual Dimorphism in Protoceratops andrewsi (Neoceratopsia, Protoceratopsidae)Leonardo Maiorino , Andrew A. Farke, Tassos Kotsakis, Paolo Piras2015
Protoceratops andrewsi (Neoceratopsia, Protoceratopsidae)
Perinatal Specimens of Saurolophus angustirostris (Dinosauria: Hadrosauridae), from the Upper Cretaceous of MongoliaLeonard Dewaele , Khishigjav Tsogtbaatar, Rinchen Barsbold, Géraldine Garcia, Koen Stein, François Escuillié, Pascal Godefroit2015 angustirostris (Dinosauria: Hadrosauridae)
A New Mass Mortality of Juvenile Protoceratops and Size-Segregated Aggregation Behaviour in Juvenile Non-Avian DinosaursDavid W. E. Hone , Andrew A. Farke, Mahito Watabe, Suzuki Shigeru, Khishigjav Tsogtbaatar2014
Reconsidering the Avian Nature of the Oviraptorosaur Brain (Dinosauria: Theropoda)Amy M. Balanoff , G. S. Bever, Mark A. Norell2014 (Dinosauria: Theropoda)
The cranial pneumatic sinuses of the tyrannosaurid Alioramus (Dinosauria, Theropoda) and the evolution of cranial pneumaticity in theropod dinosaursLeone Gold, Maria Eugenia.; Brusatte, Stephen.; Norell, Mark2013 (Dinosauria, Theropoda)
The braincase anatomy of the late Cretaceous dinosaur Alioramus (Theropoda, Tyrannosauroidea)Bever, Gabe S.; Brusatte, Stephen.; Carr, Thomas D.; Xu, Xing, 1969-; Balanoff, Amy M.; Norell, Mark2013 (Theropoda, Tyrannosauroidea)
A review of dromaeosaurid systematics and paravian phylogenyTurner, Alan H.; Makovicky, Peter J.; Norell, Mark2012
The osteology of Alioramus, a gracile and long-snouted tyrannosaurid (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the late Cretaceous of MongoliaBrusatte, Stephen.; Carr, Thomas D.; Norell, Mark2012
The Endocranial Anatomy of Therizinosauria and Its Implications for Sensory and Cognitive FunctionStephan Lautenschlager , Emily J. Rayfield, Perle Altangerel, Lindsay E. Zanno, Lawrence M. Witmer2012
Standardized Terminology and Potential Taxonomic Utility for Hadrosaurid Skin Impressions: A Case Study for Saurolophus from Canada and MongoliaPhil R. Bell2012
Osteology of Khaan mckennai (Oviraptorosauria, Theropoda)Balanoff, Amy M.; Norell, Mark2012 mckennai (Oviraptorosauria, Theropoda)
New Specimens of Nemegtomaia from the Baruungoyot and Nemegt Formations (Late Cretaceous) of MongoliaFederico Fanti , Philip J. Currie, Demchig Badamgarav2012
Anatomy of Mahakala omnogovae (Theropoda, Dromaeosauridae), Tögrögiin Shiree, MongoliaTurner, Alan H.; Pol, Diego.; Norell, Mark2011 omnogovae (Theropoda, Dromaeosauridae)
Variation, Variability, and the Origin of the Avian Endocranium: Insights from the Anatomy of Alioramus altai (Theropoda: Tyrannosauroidea)Gabe S. Bever , Stephen L. Brusatte, Amy M. Balanoff, Mark A. Norell2011 altai (Theropoda: Tyrannosauroidea)
The illusory evidence for Asian Brachiosauridae : new material of Erketu ellisoni and a phylogenetic reappraisal of basal TitanosauriformesKsepka, Daniel T.; Norell, Mark2010 ellisoni
Anatomy and relationships of Gilmoreosaurus mongoliensis (Dinosauria, Hadrosauroidea) from the late Cretaceous of Central AsiaPrieto-Márquez, Albert, 1974-; Norell, Mark2010 mongoliensis (Dinosauria, Hadrosauroidea)
A review of the Mongolian Cretaceous dinosaur Saurornithoides (Troodontidae, Theropoda)Norell, Mark.; Makovicky, Peter J.; Bever, Gabe S.; Balanoff, Amy M.; Clark, James Matthew; Barsbold, Rinchin.; Rowe, Timothy2009 (Troodontidae, Theropoda)
A large alvarezsaurid from the late Cretaceous of MongoliaTurner, Alan H.; Nesbitt, Sterling J.; Norell, Mark2009 ghuva
The perinate skull of Byronosaurus (Troodontidae) with observations on the cranial ontogeny of paravian theropodsBever, Gabe S.; Norell, Mark2009 (Troodontidae)
The geology of Ukhaa Tolgod (Djadokhta Formation, Upper Cretaceous, Nemegt Basin, Mongolia)Dingus, Lowell.; Loope, David B.; Dashzeveg, Demberelyin.; Swisher, Carl Celso.; Minjin, Chuluun.; Novacek, Michael J.; Norell, Mark2008
New stratigraphic data from the Erlian Basin: implications for the division, correlation, and definition of Paleogene lithological units in Nei Mongol (Inner Mongolia)Meng, Jin.; Wang, Yuanqing, paleontologist.; Ni, Xijun.; Beard, K. Christopher.; Sun, Chengkai.; Li, Qian, paleontologist.; Jin, Xun, paleontologist.; Bai, Bin, paleontologist2007
A small derived theropod from Öösh, early Cretaceous, Baykhangor MongoliaTurner, Alan H.; Hwang, Sunny H.; Norell, Mark2007 ashile
Yamaceratops dorngobiensis, a new primitive ceratopsian (Dinosauria, Ornithischia) from the Cretaceous of MongoliaMakovicky, Peter J.; Norell, Mark2006 dorngobiensis
Erketu ellisoni, a long-necked sauropod from Bor Guvé (Dornogov Aimag, Mongolia)Ksepka, Daniel T.; Norell, Mark.2006 ellisoni
A new dromaeosaurid theropod from Ukhaa Tolgod (Ömnögov, Mongolia)Norell, Mark.; Clark, James Matthew; Turner, Alan H.; Makovicky, Peter J.; Barsbold, Rinchin.; Rowe, Timothy2006
New stratigraphic subdivision, depositional environment, and age estimate for the Upper Cretaceous Djadokhta Formation, southern Ulan Nur Basin, MongoliaDashzeveg, Demberelyin.; Dingus, Lowell.; Loope, David B.; Swisher, Carl C.; Dulam, Togtokh.; Sweeney, Mark R.2005
A troodontid dinosaur from Ukhaa Tolgod (late Cretaceous Mongolia)Norell, Mark.; Hwang, Sunny H.2004
Ornithomimosaur cranial material from Ukhaa Tolgod (Omnogov, Mongolia)Ksepka, Daniel T.; Norell, Mark2004
Tributes to Malcolm C. McKenna : his students, his legacyGould, Gina C.; Bell, Susan K.; Mellett, James Silvan, 1936-; Kellner, Alexander Wilhelm Armin.; Rich, Thomas H. V.; Rich, Pat Vickers.; Engelmann, George F.; Cifelli, Richard.; Flynn, John J. (John Joseph), 1955-; Wyss, Andre R.; Meng, Jin.; Van Valen, Leigh.; Carrasco, Marc A.; Emry, Robert J.; Hunt, Robert M.; Rothwell, Tom.; Geisler, Jonathan H.; Gabbert, Sherri L.; Coombs, Margery Chalifoux.; Evander, Robert Lane, 1948-; MacFadden, Bruce J.; Prothero, Donald R.2004
New avialan remains and a review of the known avifauna from the late Cretaceous Nemegt Formation of MongoliaClarke, Julia A.; Norell, Mark2004
Osteology and relationships of Byronosaurus jaffei (Theropoda, Troodontidae)Makovicky, Peter J.; Norell, Mark.; Clark, James Matthew; Rowe, Timothy2003 jaffei (Theropoda, Troodontidae)
A new specimen of Pinacosaurus grangeri (Dinosauria, Ornithischia) from the late Cretaceous of Mongolia : ontogeny and phylogeny of ankylosaursHill, Robert V.; Witmer, Lawrence M.; Norell, Mark2003 grangeri (Dinosauria, Ornithischia)
The morphology and phylogenetic position of Apsaravis ukhaana from the late Cretaceous of MongoliaClarke, Julia A.; Norell, Mark2002 ukhaana
Cranial anatomy of Citipati osmolskae (Theropoda, Oviraptorosauria), and a reinterpretation of the holotype of Oviraptor philoceratopsClark, James Matthew; Norell, Mark; Rowe, Timothy2002 osmolskae (Theropoda, Oviraptorosauria), Oviraptor philoceratops
A new skull of Gobipteryx minuta (Aves, Enantiornithes) from the Cretaceous of the Gobi DesertChiappe, Luis M.; Norell, Mark.; Clark, James Matthew2001 minuta (Aves, Enantiornithes)
An embryonic oviraptorid (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of MongoliaNorell, Mark.; Clark, James Matthew; Chiappe, Luis M.2001 (Dinosauria, Theropoda)
Important features of the dromaeosaurid skeleton. Information from newly collected specimens of Velociraptor mongoliensisNorell, Mark.; Makovicky, Peter J.1999 mongoliensis
An oviraptorid skeleton from the late Cretaceous of Ukhaa Tolgod, Mongolia, preserved in an avianlike brooding position over an oviraptorid nestClark, James Matthew; Norell, Mark; Chiappe, Luis M.1999
A partial ornithomimid braincase from Ukhaa Tolgod (Upper Cretaceous, Mongolia)Makovicky, Peter J.; Norell, Mark1998
Important features of the dromaeosaur skeleton : information from a new specimenNorell, Mark.; Makovicky, Peter J.1997
The skull of Erlicosaurus andrewsi, a late Cretaceous "Segnosaur" (Theropoda, Therizinosauridae) from MongoliaClark, James Matthew; Altangerel, Perle.; Norell, Mark1994\Erlicosaurus andrewsi
Skeletal morphology of Mononykus olecranus (Theropoda, Avialae) from the late Cretaceous of MongoliaAltangerel, Perle.; Chiappe, Luis M.; Rinchen, Barsbold.; Clark, James Matthew; Norell, Mark1994 olecranus (Theropoda, Avialae)
The jaw musculature in Protoceratops and in other ceratopsiansHaas, George1955
The hyoid bones in Protoceratops and in PsittacosaurusColbert, Edwin Harris; Falkenbach, Otto1945, Psittacosaurus
A new element in the ceratopsian jaw with additional notes on the mandibleBrown, Barnum.; Schlaikjer, Erich Maren, 1905-; Falkenbach, Otto1940 andrewsi, etc.
The origin of ceratopsian horn-coresBrown, Barnum.; Schlaikjer, Erich Maren1940
On the dinosaurian fauna of the Iren Dabasu FormationGilmore, Charles W.1933 asiaticus, Alectrosaurus olseni, Mandschurosaurus, Bactrosaurus johnsoni
Two new dinosaurian reptiles from Mongolia : with notes on some fragmentary specimensGilmore, Charles W. Granger, Walter1933 grangeri, Mongolosaurus haplodon
New Mesozoic and Cenozoic formations encountered by the Central Asiatic Expeditions in 1928American Museum Novitates ; no. 407. Spock, Leslie Erskine1930
Additional new formations in the later sediments of MongoliaBerkey, Charles Peter; Granger, Walter; Morris, Frederick Kuhne1929
Geology and prehistoric archaeology of the Gobi DesertBerkey, Charles Peter; Nelson, Nels C.1926
On Protoceratops, a primitive ceratopsian dinosaur from the Lower Cretaceous of MongoliaGregory, William K.; Mook, Charles Craig1925
The microstructure of the dinosaurian egg-shells from the Cretaceous beds of MongoliaStraelen, Victor Emile van1925
Psittacosaurus and Protiguanodon : two Lower Cretaceous iguanodonts from MongoliaOsborn, Henry Fairfield1924, Protiguanodon
Fossils in the Ondai Sair Formation, MongoliaCockerell, Theodore D. A.; Berkey, Charles Peter Morris, Frederick Kuhne1924 mongoliense, Lycoptera middendorffi, Estheria middendorffi, Ephemeropsis trisetalis, etc.
Sauropoda and Theropoda of the Lower Cretaceous of MongoliaOsborn, Henry Fairfield
Three new Theropoda, Protoceratops zone, central MongoliaOsborn, Henry Fairfield,; Kaisen, Peter C.; Olsen, George1924 mongoliensis, Saurornithoides mongoliensis, Oviraptor philoceratops
Protoceratops andrewsi, a pre-ceratopsian dinosaur from MongoliaGranger, Walter,; Gregory, William K.; Berkey, Charles Peter
Protoceratops andrewsi
Two Lower Cretaceous dinosaurs of MongoliaOsborn, Henry Fairfield1923 mongoliensis, Protiguanodon mongoliense
Later sediments of the desert basins of central MongoliaBerkey, Charles Peter; Granger, Walter; Morris, Frederick Kuhne
Discovery of Cretaceous and older Tertiary strata in MongoliaGranger, Walter; Berkey, Charles Peter1922
First Ornithomimid (Theropoda, Ornithomimosauria) from the Upper Cretaceous Djadokhta Formation of Tögrögiin Shiree, MongoliaChinzorig Tsogtbaatar, Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, Tsogtbaatar Khishigjav, Philip J. Currie, Mahito Watabe & Barsbold Rinchen2017